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19th July 2007, 11:52 AM
The Ladies Behind Winter Hardy Canadian Roses
Even if you're not a Canadian or a rose grower in the more northern parts of the USA you may have heard of the "Explorer Roses". Did you know that these roses have been successfully bred to be resistant to insects and diseases and especially to withstand very harsh winters with sub-zero temperatures? The series has the world's most successful breeding programme for winter hardy roses. But did you know that this most impressive success story of rose breeding also is primarily a success story made possible by a woman born in 1920, in Vienna, Austria?
The lady in question is the Canadian plant geneticist and rose breeder Dr. Felicitas Svejda, Austrian by birth, Romanian by ancestry. From her work we have a series of roses in various colour shades (white, pink, crimson), extremely vigorous, completely or mostly resistant to fungal attack, extremely winter hardy and very floriferous.
Dr. Svejda spent most of her working life (1961 to 1987) at the Central Experimental Farm (CEF, governmental research station) in Ottawa. Years before her, another outstanding woman, hybridist Isabella Preston (who immigrated from England in 1912) quite successfully bred roses there (1920 to 1940).
Historically, the title of my story is not exactly accurate as there also were men involved in the breeding of winter hardy Canadian roses. For example Dr. William Saunders (creator of the hybrid rose 'Agnes', 1897) to name just one here. But a focus on Miss Isabella Preston, as one of Canada's foremost breeders of ornamental plants and on Dr. F. Svejda, who, according to the Canadian Rose Society's journal (March 2007) "... has put Canada on the world rose map" seems justified to me any day.
My thanks go to the volunteer organisation 'Friends of the Central Experimental Farm' (FCEF website) (http://www.friendsofthefarm.ca/) in Ottawa for the permission to use their photos of Dr. Svejda and 'John Cabot' and to the the Canada Post Corporation for their permission to use the phtotos of their 2001 commemorative stamps. I'm also indebted to Erich Unmuth who pointed me to the subject of this article and who provided some information on rosebreeding in Canada and on Isabella Preston. Valuable information can also be found on the Canadian Rose Society's website (CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/)), I have used it extensively for this article.
I have tried to be accurate and used all the sources available to me to verify the facts as there is conflicting information on some. Nonetheless, the text may contain errors. If you find any, please post here and I will correct it.
19th July 2007, 11:53 AM
DR. FELICITAS SVEJDA
Born in November 1920 in Vienna Felicitas Svejda spent her childhood and adolescent years in Austria. She studied at the Vienna University for Agriculture and Forestry, earned her PhD degree in 1948. The subject of her thesis didn't point straight to a career in rose breeding though, she analysed the decline of winegrowing in Vienna and Lower Austria since 1900.
In 1952 Dr. Svejda went to work at the Swedish Plant Breeding Association Research Station in Svalof, on to Canada a year later. From 1953 through 1961, she was employed as a statistician with the Federal Department of Agriculture's Central Experimental Farm in Ottawa. In 1961, she transferred to the newly created Genetics and Plant Breeding Institute and worked for the 'Ornamental Section'.
'Cohn Cabot' (1978) Dr. Felicitas SVEJDA
Photos ©: Friends of the Central Experimental Farm
>> Explorer Rose Garden (http://www.friendsofthefarm.ca/explorers.htm) >> Explorer Roses (http://www.friendsofthefarm.ca/exploroses2.htm)
Breeding Winter Hardy and Everblooming Roses
At the new institute she was responsible for the rose breeding programme. This had been suspended after her "predecessor", Isabella Preston had retired in the 1940s. Dr. Svejda developed the "Explorer" series of hardy roses, now about 25 cultivars. The roses are named after explorers of Canada's early history, including such famous names as Louis Jolliet, Henry Hudson, John Cabot and Martin Frobisher. The naming scheme also expressed the idea that the new roses should prove to be as tough and versatile as their namesakes had been.
Dr. Svejda started with generally hardy hybrid tea roses and shrub roses and crossed these with hardy and vigorous roses, including R. rugosa and R. kordesii. The Explorer Roses can thus be assigned to two groups: they are either simple or complex Rosa rugosa hybrids or hybrids that use Rosa kordesii; (some owe their genes to several species though). The Rosa kordesii crosses have resulted in many vigorous shrub roses, suitable as climbers and pillar roses. As to colours, there is a variety of shades from white to pink and crimson.
Dr. Felicitas Svejda in an article in the 1976 AMERICAN ROSE ANNUAL: " ... in 1961, at the beginning of this work, it was not certain whether the character of continuous bloom was compatible with winter hardiness in one plant organism, since the everblooming habit depends on continuous growth while resistance to low temperatures is increased in the dormant state. Since 1961, we have grown more than 15,000 rose seedlings and learned how everblooming and winter hardy roses can be obtained."
After Dr. Svejda's retirement in 1987 the programme was moved to the station at L’Assomption, Quebec, later the Canadian government has terminated the Explorer programme due to budget cutbacks. As there were still many interesting seedlings that had not been fully tested or released, a joint venture with the nursery trade was formed. The aim is to produce a series of hardy and marketable roses, named after Canadian artists The first two in the series were released commercially in spring 2007, one of them, 'Felix Leclerc', bred in 1977 by Dr. F. Svejda (acc. to HMF).
In addition to the Explorer Series, F. Svejda developed the insect-resistant, rose germplasm L83. In the late 1980's, she developed a series of Weigela. These were bred for hardiness and compact growth for small gardens. All were released and named for dances: Polka, Minuet, Rumba, Samba, Tango. Together with D.R. Sampson, she also developed forsythia cultivars named Snowbelle, Snowgeese, Snowdwarf and Buckleys Quill.
Dr. Svejda is an author of numerous articles on rose breeding and horticulture, she is a past member of the Agricultural Institute of Canada and the Canadian, American and International Societies of Horticultural Science. In the year 2000 she received an honorary Doctor of Science degree from York University, Toronto. In 2005, in Ottawa an Explorer Rose Garden was planted, using cuttings of the original bushes. In February 2007 a commemorative Explorer Rose Garden was planted at Government House in Victoria B.C.
The Explorer Roses
The links lead to detailed infos and photos of the roses on the Canadian Rose Society website *)
MARTIN FROBISHER (1968): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=81&Itemid=55)
JENS MUNK (1974): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=73&Itemid=55)
HENRY HUDSON (1976): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=71&Itemid=55)
JOHN CABOT (1978): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=74&Itemid=55)
DAVID THOMPSON (1979): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=67&Itemid=55)
JOHN FRANKLIN (1980): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=76&Itemid=55)
CHAMPLAIN (1982): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=65&Itemid=55)
CHARLES ALBANEL (1982): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=66&Itemid=55)
WILLIAM BAFFIN (1983): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=86&Itemid=55)
HENRY KELSEY (1984): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=72&Itemid=55)
ALEXANDER MACKENZIE (1985): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=63&Itemid=55)
JOHN DAVIS (1986): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=75&Itemid=55)
J.P. CONNELL (1987): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=77&Itemid=55)
CAPTAIN SAMUEL HOLLAND (1992): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=64&Itemid=55)
FRONTENAC (1992): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=69&Itemid=55)
LOUIS JOLLIET (1992): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79&Itemid=55)
SIMON FRASER (1992): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=85&Itemid=55)
GEORGE VANCOUVER (1994): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=70&Itemid=55)
LAMBERT CLOSSE (1995): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=78&Itemid=55)
ROYAL EDWARD (1995): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=84&Itemid=55)
QUADRA (1995): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=83&Itemid=55)
NICOLAS (1996): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=82&Itemid=55)
DE MONTARVILLE (1997): Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=68&Itemid=55)
MARIE-VICTORIN (1998):Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=80&Itemid=55)
WILLIAM BOOTH (1999):Click here (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=87&Itemid=55)
*) Edited on October 31, 2011:
Please note that the Canadian Rose Society has again completely redesigned & reorganised their website. For the Explorer Roses links to info on individual roses are not possible any more so you have to scroll a bit: CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/LinkClick.aspx?link=70&tabid=69&mid=379). There also is a photo page for Explorer and Parkland Roses: CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/CRSMembers/Resources/RosePhotos/tabid/69/Default.aspx). Some of the information on the website also is accessible for members only.
19th July 2007, 11:54 AM
ISABELLA PRESTON (1881-1965)
Isabella Preston: plant hybridist, horticulturist, writer
At the end of her professional career I. Preston was a hybridist of international stature and one of Canada's foremost breeders of ornamental plants. 1912, when she immigrated from England in her thirties, she had never hybridised a plant before. You can't but admire the strength, character and persistence of this woman who managed to organise a new life in a newly adopted country and accomplish a distiguished career in a newly emerging field against the obstacles of gender prejudices of the time.
The first professional woman hybridist in Canada
Isabella Preston was born in England 19881 and received her early education in private schools. She was very fond of gardening and in 1906 attended a short course in horticulture at the Swanley Horticultural College in Kent. When she came to Ontario with her sister in 1912, she was determined to become a horticulturist and attended lectures on horticulture at the Ontario Agricultural College in 1913. She soon gave up formal studies to conduct practical work with Prof J.W. Crows in the college greenhouses with strawberries and vegetables. The practical education in plant hybridising was supplemented by "reading all the books in the library on horitculture and plant breeding" as she herself noted.
When Isabella Preston came to Canada, plant breeding in the country still was quite informal and focused on agricultural plants. A small and enthusiastic group of prosessional hybridists was forming though to change this. Their aim was to hybridise ornamental plants in a systematic manner. I. Preston profited by this development. By 1916 she had become the first professional woman hybridist in Canada and achieved her breakthrough with an excellent cross that produced the much acclaimed and outstanding trumpet lily 'George C. Creelman'.
A successful career at the federal government's Ottawa research station
I. Preston joined the Central Experimental Farm's (Ottawa research station) Horticultural Division in 1920, the leader in research and breeding of ornamentals. At the time Preston entered federal civil service, women were not favoured employees, usually occupied lower administrtative levels with no chances to advance their careers. She began working as a day labourer but after some months her boss, W.T. Macoun requested from the director that a new position should be created for her: Specialist in Ornamental Horticulture. Macoun supported Preston because of her excellent work and managed to secure her position. From then until she retired in 1946, Isabella Preston was a specialist in ornamental horticulture and originated nearly 200 hybrids (lilies, roses, lilacs, Siberian iris, crabapples).
Her outstanding lily hybrids alone would have got her horticultural fame, but awards and recognition also came to others of her breeding programmes. I. Preston wrote numerous wide-ranging horticultural articles as well as the first book on lily cultivation in Canada ('Garden Lilies', 1929).
During Isabella Preston's career at the Central Experimental Farm in Ottawa, she also originated at least 20 roses, many named after native Canadian Indian tribes. They include 'Huron', 'Iroquois', 'Poliarchus', 'Cree', 'U.P. Hedrick', 'Langford', 'Mohawk', 'Agassiz', 'Algonquin', 'Chippewa', 'Micmac', 'Millicent', 'Silvander', 'Nascapee', 'Ojibway', 'Caribou', 'Conestoga', and 'Erie'. Most are no longer commercially available and, except for 'Carmenetta,''Langford,' 'Mohawk,' and 'Patricia Macoun' believed to be lost.
The rose breeding programme had had ended with Dr. William Saunder's creation of the Hybrid Rugosa 'Agnes' in 1897, the first known Canadian Hybrid. Preston now started the programme anew in the 1920s. Her aims were to breed winter hardy roses, floriferous climbers and hybrid teas that would retain their colour during the hot and dry Canadian summers. Preston first crossed R. rubrifolia and Rosa rugosa, as rugosas were especially favoured by northern breeders for hardiness and resistance to insects and diseases. I. Preston made a number of crosses but only few set seed and many of the seeds never geminated. She kept her patience despite these problems and between 1928 and 1940 produced 28 hybrids. These ranged from pink through dark purple colour shades, from single to double flowers. Unlike her other plant creations, her roses nver won an award but years later, Dr. F. Svejda would profit from Preston's work when she started the breeding programme for the Explorer roses. Most of I. Preston's roses are no longer commercially available and many of them are lost, her white 'Patricia Macoun' rambler (bred and introduced in 1945) is again available in Canada.
After her retirement at the end of 1946, Isabella Preston moved to Georgetown, Ontario and had many years to enjoy her large garden where she grew many of the varieties of plants which she had originated. She is reported to have been a quiet, genial and kind person with a vast horticultural knowledge she also liked to share. The "Grand Lady of Canadian Horticulture" died after an illness of several months in 1965.
A photo of Isabella Preston can be seen on the HMF website: CLICK HERE (http://www.helpmefind.com/gardening/l.php?l=21.154787)
19th July 2007, 11:55 AM
Overview: Breeding of Winter Hardy Roses in Canada
In 2001, Canada Post issued four domestic rate commemorative stamps featuring Canadian roses that are good examples for Canadian rose breeding from the beginnings until today: 'Agnes ' (W. Saunders), ' Morden Centennial ' (Parkland series),' Champlain ' (Explorer series), and the 'Canadian White Star ' (privately developed by George Mander of Coquitlam, BC).
(© Canada Post Corporation 2007. Reproduced with Permission.)
About three centuries ago, foreign roses were first imported into Canada from France . Early breeders were Prairies' nurserymen mostly. Around 1890, breeding took place to develop hardier species that were disease-resistant and which would withstand harsh Canadian winters.
In general, most of the breeding of Canadian hardy roses has been done by the federal government's funded Research Branch of Agriculture Canada (1). This occurred in two separate locations: in the east at the Experimental Farm in Ottawa (and later at L'Assomption, Quebec) and on the Prairies at the Experimental Farm in Morden, Manitoba. Each location used a different breeding line and produced a separate series of roses; the Explorer Roses from Ottawa and the Parkland roses from the Prairies.
Canada's federal government has funded agricultural research through a network of research centres strategically placed in almost every province. In 1886, legislation authorised the establishment of five so called "experimental farms", with the Ottawa location for Ontario and Québec designated as the Central Experimental Farm. Dr. William Saunders, founding Director of the Experimental Farms network, also is the founder of successful rose breeding at the research centre at Ottawa. One of his crosses, made between a hybrid of R. rugosa and R. foetida persiana resulted in the hardy, once flowering yellow shrub rose 'Agnes'.
From 1920 to the 1940s hardy roses (among other ornamental plants) were bred at Ottawa by Isabella Preston. She released about 20 hardy shrub roses, mostly non-repeat flowering (named for Canadian Indian tribes) but only a few can still be found in commerce. When she retired the hardy rose breeding programme at Ottawa was suspended and it did not resume until the 1960s under Dr. Felicitas Svejda. She initiated the successful "Explorer" series of hardy shrub roses (named after Canadian explorers). After her retirement in 1987 the programme was moved to the station at L’Assomption, Quebec, later the Canadian government has terminated the Explorer programme due to budget cutbacks (and seriously cut back its research in its Morden Manitoba site). As there were still many interesting seedlings that had not been fully tested or released, a joint venture with the nursery trade was established and a group of nurseries formed a rose grower consortium. The aim: to produce a series of hardy and marketable roses. So they took the best material left from the Explorer program and incorporated new material, the first crosses were made in 1998, followed by years of field testing and evaluations. This new series of roses will be named after Canadian artists. The first two in the series were released commercially in spring 2007 ('Emily Carr' and'Felix Leclerc').
As information about the Explorer rose series can be found in the text on Dr. Felicitas Svejda (see above posts), let's have a quick look at the "Parkland Rose series" of the Morden programme.
The Morden Research Centre on the Prairies was was established in 1915 and has become the major centre for plant breeding for the West of Canada. In the 1940's, a number of hardy non-repeat blooming roses as part of the "Prairie" series were released ('Prairie Dawn', 'Prairie Maid'). Further breeding led to the developedment of the repeat flowering 'Prairie Youth'(1948). This was one of the first continuous flowering shrub roses hardy in the plains region of Canada without specific winter protection.
From the 1960s onward, the Morden rose breeding programme prospered, director Dr. Henry Marshall introduced the present "Parkland" series (largely bred by Marshall and Colicutt) with 'Assiniboine'in 1962 (deep pink, semi-double, repeat flowering shrub rose, from a cross between the Floribunda 'Donald Prior' and the native prairie rose, R. arkansana). As the rose is quite prone to rust, it is no longer grown in gardens very often, but was an important development step for the rose breeding programme.
Rosa arkansana played a major role for the development of the Parkland series as it tolerates hot dry summers and extreme cold, is recurrent and produces blooms on older and new growth. A variety of cultivars and species (for example Dr. Buck's 'Prairie Princess') in addition to R. arkansana were used for the Parkland programme to broaden the genetic base and introduce new floral, vegetative and other characteristics. Many of the modern Parkland roses have included "Morden" in their name. The flowers are in the red, pink and white range, the only yellow is "Morden Sunrise' (released in 2000).
The links lead to detailed infos and photos of the roses on the Canadian Rose Society website *)
CUTHBERT GRANT (1967): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=89&Itemid=55)
ADELAIDE HOODLESS (1973): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=88&Itemid=55)
MORDEN AMORETTE (1977): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=91&Itemid=55)
MORDEN RUBY (1977): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=96&Itemid=55)
MORDEN CARDINETTE (1980): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=93&Itemid=55)
MORDEN CENTENNIAL (1980): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=94&Itemid=55)
MORDEN BLUSH (1988): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=92&Itemid=55)
MORDEN FIREGLOW (1989): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95&Itemid=55)
PRAIRIE JOY (1990)
WINNIPEG PARKS (1990): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=99&Itemid=55)
HOPE FOR HUMANITY (1995): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=90&Itemid=55)
MORDEN SNOWBEAUTY (1997): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=97&Itemid=55)
MORDEN SUNRISE (2000): CLICK HERE (http://www.canadianrosesociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=98&Itemid=55)
*) Edited on October 31, 2011:
The Canadian Rose Society has again completely redesigned & reorganised their website. Some of the information on the website is accessible for members only, e.g. information about the Parkland Roses series.
Breeding Hardy Roses in Canada: An example of Contributions by Private Citizens
Georges Charles-Jules Bugnet (pseudonym of Henri Doutremont, editor, writer, botanist, born in France 1879, died in Alberta 1981) came to Canada in 1905, acquired a land concession in Alberta and became successively a pioneer, farmer, horticulturalist and a rose breeder. Using native roses as well as roses he imported (for example from the Soviet Union), he created some of the hardiest garden roses. He introduced about fifteen roses, his best known may be the very hardy, repeat flowering, pink double 'Thérèse Bugnet' (a rose with a complex pedigree, involving R. rugosa and the native species R. blanda). 'Thérèse Bugnet' has been widely grown in many of the colder regions of Canada and other parts of the world since its release in 1950.
(1) In 1959, all agricultural research activities conducted by the Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food were merged into one branch, the Research Branch, which survives to the present day.
Edited on June 18, 2009:
The Canadian Rose Society has completely redesigned & reorganised their website recently. I've updated all the links to info about the
individual PARKLAND roses now, hopefully everything works correctly again.
19th July 2007, 12:31 PM
I knew you were taking your time over these articles and it has been well worth the wait Amazing content and beautifully written, many, many thanks.
Ann in Tennessee
19th July 2007, 12:46 PM
Just a note to let you know that Isabella Preston's papers are preserved at the Royal Botanical Garden Library in Burlington Ontario Canada.
Dr. Svedja is currently writing a series of articles about her roses for the National Roses Canada newsletter.
The NRC newsletter has had a series of articles about the development of roses in Canada and I believe that a book will be forthcoming by Paul Olsen and Harry McGee.
19th July 2007, 06:06 PM
for those of you interested to obtain one or two of these Canadian roses I have searched Peter Beales Roses' online catalogue. They have quite a good selection of the Eplorer roses: 'Martin Frobisher', 'Jens Munk', 'John Cabot', 'William Buffin', 'Henry Kelsey' and 'George Vancouver'. From the Parkland series they have the dark red 'Cuthbert Grant' and they have William Saunders' 'Agnes', Georges Bugnet's 'Thérèse Bugnet' as well as his 'Marie Bugnet'.
Ashdown Roses' current online catalogue contains three excellent roses from the Explorer series: John Cabot, William Baffin and Champlain.
@ Ian: Thanks, your nice words are very much appreciated.
@ Ann: Thank you very much for your comment and especially for the additional info on the publications.
29th December 2008, 11:14 PM
Some updates on the "Winter Hardy Canadian Roses":
Agriculture Canada closes the ornamental plant research program in Morden, Man., (Parkland series of roses, research program started in the 1960s by Dr. Henry Marshall). After more than 40 years the program will wind down over the next two years. (Source: CBCNews.ca; For the complete article "Gather Morden rosebuds while ye may: research program winds down", July 30, 2008, CLICK HERE (http://www.cbc.ca/canada/manitoba/story/2008/07/30/morden-roses.html))
The Canadian Artists Rose Consortium (Canada's leading national nurseries and the Government of Canada) have their own website for the "Canadian Artist's Roses": http://canadianartistsroses.com (http://canadianartistsroses.com). As yet there have been no new introductions though after the first two roses in the series were released in 2007 ('Emily Carr' and 'Felix Leclerc').
Dr. Felicitas Svedja will give a lecture on "Sub Zero and Explorer Roses Hybridized" (Saturday, June 20) at the 2009 World Rose Convention in Vancouver.
13th January 2010, 10:19 PM
I recently found biographical articles on three great Canadian rose breeders, Georges Bugnet, Percy H. Wright and Frank L. Skinner on Karl King's website CybeRose & Bulbs. (The website www.bulbnrose.org (http://www.bulbnrose.org/) has a number of interesting articles on rose breeding, also a few articles on lilies, rainlilies, and amaryllis.)
George W. Shewchuk's article on Georges Bugnet (http://www.bulbnrose.org/Roses/breeding/Bios/BugnetBio.html)
Robert A. Osborne's article on Frank L. Skinner (http://www.bulbnrose.org/Roses/breeding/Bios/SkinnerBio.html)
Betty Biddulph's article on Percy H. Wright (http://www.bulbnrose.org/Roses/breeding/Bios/WrightBio.html)
BTW, in the the article on Dr. Skinner it is mentioned that he was the hybridiser of the rose that later was introduced by the Dutch nursery F.J. Grootendorst as 'F.J. Grootendorst': “Although never officially credited as the breeder of this famous hardy rose, history may eventually prove its Canadian origins.” Very interesting, I hadn't heard/read about that anywhere else before.
14th January 2010, 06:24 AM
Very interesting. And very documented, a pleasure for reading.Thank you for the effort .
Also you say Dr Svejda is of Romanian ancestry, i do not kn ow anything about her.
22nd January 2010, 01:10 PM
Very interesting to know that Canada had done so much towards breeding specifically for hardy, disease resistant roses.
It must be a great boon for people in cold areas to have these collections to chose from without having to hope for the best or research into their hardiness, when winter arrives.
So again, thanks for enlightening us on things that are so interesting that I would have never stumbled upon outside this forum!
26th January 2010, 11:16 PM
Thank you for your kind comments, Corina and Prudence.
There are many excellent roses that have been hybridised by Canadian breeders, quite a number of them not very well known but in Canada, in parts of the USA and perhaps in some Scandinavian countries. As well as interesting stories about the persons who created these beautiful roses. In addition to those already mentioned in this thread, there are some more Canadian hybridisers who have been successful in breeding hardy roses. Joyce L. Fleming for instance has developed about 30 hybrids. I just recently stumbled upon her website that also shows the Complete Collection of Joyce Fleming Rose Introductions (http://www.roseroyce.ca/coll.htm#02).
19th August 2010, 11:44 PM
One more update on the "Winter Hardy Canadian Roses":
Winnipeg Free Press (http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/life/bloom-off-rose-for-morden-breeding-program-100178814.html) and The Morden Times (http://www.mordentimes.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=2704975) recently reported on the closing of the Morden rose-breeding progam. "The decision was made to discontinue the ornamentals program at the Morden facility two years ago as a result of a departmental review of the federal research priorities.
A local group had bid to keep Morden's signature rose development program, but the rights to the Morden rose research and breeding program have instead been awarded to the Canadian Nursery Landscape Association." (quote from The Morden Times)
According to Jeffries Nurseries Ltd. (a key member of the Canadian Artists Rose Consortium) the Morden Rose program is to continue under the direction of C.N.L.A. (Canadian Nursery Landscape Association). Over 20,000 rose seedlings will be evaluated in the quest for potential new introductions. Some of the rose seedlings will be used in a breeding program at Vineland, Ontario. Advanced containerized rose selections stored at Morden Station are being grown at several Manitoba nurseries.
BTW, the Canadian Artists Roses Growers Consortium is selecting the next rose introduction by mid-September this year. This will be the third rose of the Artists series (the other two being 'Emily Carr' and 'Felix Leclerc').
20th August 2010, 12:38 PM
I suppose its not suprising for government funding to be withdrawn from such a project, but with the wealth of 'cold' coutries increasing like Russia increasing , they may have been in the money! But it would have been good if they had funding into Rose Rosette Disease.
28th June 2011, 08:29 PM
Dr. Felicitas Svejda (together with her travel companion Shirley Cummings) recently spent a few days in Austria. Thanks to Erich Unmuth who organised her stay here I had the chance to meet Dr. Svejda when she visited the Austrian Rosarium at Baden near Vienna. It was a memorable experience for me to accompany the famous rose breeder and her friend for a stroll through the rosarium (not to forget that Dr. Svejda invited us to coffee and cakes afterwards :)).
There are no Explorer roses at the Austrian Rosarium but a few days before our meeting Dr. Svejda had visited E. Unmuth's Rosenkultivarium at Baden to see how well "her roses" were doing in Eastern Austria. Last week she left Austria for Germany where she was to take part at a Sangerhausen symposium on the future of rose breeding.
Dr. F. Svejda, not only a breeder of excellent roses but also a lovely and generous lady.
(Photo credits: Andrea Buchmann)
A few blooms of 'John Davis', Rosenkultivarium Baden
A magnificent specimen of 'David Thompson', Rosenkultivarium Baden
A flower of 'Martin Frobisher', my garden last weekend
30th June 2011, 09:17 AM
What a legend! It must have been lovely to meet her Hannes and thanks for the pics.
6th July 2011, 11:42 PM
Thank you for the very wonderful information. And the pictures are absolutely lovely. I still have to chuckle about me wanting to give you a good shakedown and giving you a knock on the side of the head when you were being horridly and dreadfully modest about not being able to photograph.....
Just beautiful, the photographs and the wealth of research you gathered together for us. THANK YOU!
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