How are new roses created?
New roses are created through hybridisation, which is the art of crossing 2 different roses to produce a completely new variety.
Hybridising is not to be confused with budding, which is a way of cloning an existing rose, much like how growing plants from cuttings is also a way of cloning. To find out more about how to bud roses please click here.
Our goal is always to try to breed the perfect rose. One which is strong and healthy, of a fashionable shape and colour, heavily scented, repeat flowering and has a good growth habit.
It is quite easy to breed a nice rose with a good scent, but it might be prone to disease; or an unusual coloured flower on a weak plant; or even a really healthy rose that never flowers. The art therefore, is not just in the breeding, but about being able to recognise and select that one award winning rose seedling from the thousands of other seedlings that aren’t quite strong enough. For every 50,000 seedlings grown, there could be as few as three seedlings that are of a high enough standard to be launched as a future Peter Beales rose.
How do we breed new roses?
The first job is to select the plants that we wish to cross. These are called parent plants and the breeding team are always assessing varieties and seedlings for their breeding potential. The parent plants are then brought into the controlled environment of a glasshouse during February, to be encouraged to flower earlier. This gives the hips the best possible chance to ripen fully later in the year.Read More
Spiky Black is a new site-specific audio artwork made for NetPark by artists Alison Carlier and Amanda Loomes. It responds to the historic Rose Garden in Chalkwell Park, Southend-on-Sea which has been a feature and source of local pride since 1908.Read More
We all have a picture in our minds of how a classic rose garden looks and smells. The masses of beautiful flowers in early summer and the gorgeous scent drifting through the warm summer air.
Typically, the roses that we would describe as ‘classic roses’ are the Gallicas, Albas, Mosses, Centifolias, Damasks and Species. These roses generally tend to have very old origins and often have beautiful, highly scented flowers, will grow happily in any soil condition and are very healthy. Some of these groups are even considered to include some of the most beautiful of all roses. For example the Centifolias, which means “a rose of a hundred petals”. One of my personal favourites, 'Fantin-Latour' is part of this family. With its height of nearly 2 metres, it sits perfectly in the middle of a border, with beautiful soft pink flowers and a scent to die for. Another rose which is strikingly beautiful, yet slightly more unusual is 'Rosa Mundi', part of the Gallica family, which dates back to the 12th Century. Displaying large, semi-double, crimson flowers, with splashes of white and pink.Read More
Whether you are completely new to roses or have been growing them for years, pruning them can seem like a bit of a daunting task, but it needn’t be.
The first thing I would really like to stress is that no matter how bad a job you make of pruning your roses, you are not going to kill them!
As the old gardener’s saying ‘Get your worst enemy to prune your roses’ suggests, roses are tough and can take a lot more abuse than people give them credit for. Just think about how badly butchered hedgerows look along the roadside after the farmer has hacked them back. It’s easy to look at them, resembling nothing more than bare broken and splintered sticks and wonder how these poor roses and hawthorns will ever survive, but they do.Read More
Species roses are becoming a more and more popular choice in our gardens, but what exactly is a species rose? They are best described as wild or pure roses of natural origin, with mostly single flowers. Originating from all around the northern hemisphere, many date back to ancient history and are the ancestors that all modern roses originated from. Rose petals and leaves from species roses have even been known to have been found in tombs belonging to ancient Egyptians. Used within garlands, which would have been worn by loved ones, these were then left in the tombs with the bodies.Read More