How are new roses created?
New roses are created through hybridisation, which is the art of crossing 2 different roses to produce a completely new variety.
Hybridising is not to be confused with budding, which is a way of cloning an existing rose, much like how growing plants from cuttings is also a way of cloning. To find out more about how to bud roses please click here.
Our goal is always to try to breed the perfect rose. One which is strong and healthy, of a fashionable shape and colour, heavily scented, repeat flowering and has a good growth habit.
It is quite easy to breed a nice rose with a good scent, but it might be prone to disease; or an unusual coloured flower on a weak plant; or even a really healthy rose that never flowers. The art therefore, is not just in the breeding, but about being able to recognise and select that one award winning rose seedling from the thousands of other seedlings that aren’t quite strong enough. For every 50,000 seedlings grown, there could be as few as three seedlings that are of a high enough standard to be launched as a future Peter Beales rose.
How do we breed new roses?
The first job is to select the plants that we wish to cross. These are called parent plants and the breeding team are always assessing varieties and seedlings for their breeding potential. The parent plants are then brought into the controlled environment of a glasshouse during February, to be encouraged to flower earlier. This gives the hips the best possible chance to ripen fully later in the year.Read More