In April new root stocks are planted into fresh, previously unused rose fields. These root stock plants are used as ‘hosts’ and are chosen for their vigour and reliability. Later, once the budding process has taken place, the host plants will develop into the individual varieties required.
Over the coming months the root stocks establish and then during the summer the budding season begins. Bud-wood is collected from the previous year’s rose field for every variety within our extensive collection. This is known as ‘wood cutting’ and is a rigorous process as each variety is hand cut and de-thorned. The bud is then carefully removed and inserted into the host root stock. Each rose is budded by hand, a painstaking task that takes several months to complete.
In the following January growth from the root stock is then individually hand cut back hard, this encourages all of the plant’s energy to go into the inserted bud. In spring new growth will start to appear from the inserted bud. In April and May the new shoots are manually cut back again, this in turn encourages further shoots to break from the graft, producing a bushier, healthier and well-structured plant.
The roses will continue to grow and flower through the summer and will be used to produce the bud-wood stock for the next season’s plants, thus we always have two crops of roses in the ground, creating a constant cycle.
In September the roses are then trimmed back and climbers and ramblers are tied in to prepare for the lifting season which will start sometime in October when the roses are dormant.
By November, the plants are ready to be lifted and sold as either bare root plants, or to be potted up as the following year’s container rose stock. During November, December and January we hand pot many thousands of roses into containers.
All in all it takes about two years from the time that the root stocks are planted into the field to the time your chosen rose is ready to be planted in your own garden...
When buying a Peter Beales rose, you can be confident that our passion for roses has gone into nurturing your plant. Lovingly cultivated by our experts, we ensure that your rose has the best start in life. Each rose is then handpicked for delivery by one of our rose team; choosing strong, robust plants, you can be reassured that a first grade plant is selected to the specific growing habits and characteristics of your chosen variety.
We take pride in being World leaders in classic roses and are delighted to be able to offer one of the largest collections of roses commercially within the UK. With over 1,100 different varieties to choose from, many of which are rare and only available from us in the UK, Peter Beales are the obvious choice when considering any new rose for your garden.