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How are new roses bred?

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New Rose Introductions - How a Peter Beales rose is bred

Sandringham

 

Each year Peter Beales Roses launch their newest and most exciting roses. These new varieties are usually launched at prestigious flowers shows, like the RHS Chelsea Flower Show. Typically it will take between 5 to 8 years for a rose to get to this stage and out of the few roses launched each year, around 50,000 others would have been rejected!

 

So how are new roses bred?

New varieties of roses are created by introducing the pollen of one rose to the stigma of another. This process is called hybridisation. We normally hybridise 7 days a week from late April until the end of June. Once the pollen has been introduced the mother plant will begin to develop hips, which are the seed heads of a rose. Each hip generally contains 3 to 17 seeds and each seed will germinate to be a completely new variety of rose!

Years ago new varieties were bred by planting rows of different roses together, so that bees and other insects would perform the process naturally, but entirely at random. Nowadays, people have a much better understanding of hybridising and our parent plants are always chosen carefully, but the results of the crossings can often still be surprising.

At Peter Beales our aim is always to breed attractive and healthy new roses, which would make a great addition to any garden.

 

How to Hybridise Roses

 

Breeding a new rose is a long and labour intensive process and even with years of experience and research, the results can often be surprising and unpredictable. When first looking at all the new seedlings growing within the glasshouses, it is hard to believe that within several years as few as three may be kept to go onto to be sold commercially. Before a new variety has been chosen for launch, it must first be tested in a number of situations, including being tested in pots and gardens, to monitor how it performs. Keeping a close eye on it’s disease resistance, flowering habit, preferred locations and general health and vigour. Once the final decision has been made to introduce a variety, the stock has to be increased ready to go on sale, the name has to be decided upon and a launch planned, before finally becoming available for the public to enjoy.

 

Using one of our fairly recently introduced varieties, ‘Frilly Cuff’ as an example, it is interesting to look at it’s parents, ‘Centenaire de Lourdes’ and ‘Ruby Celebration’. ‘Frilly Cuff’ was launched at the RHS Chelsea Flower show in 2014 for Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen.

Parent Roses for HybridisingNew rose Frilly Cuff

 

 


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