Evergreen, woody-stemmed perennials and self-clinging climbers with adventitious rootlets, used for covering walls, fences and for ground cover. On the ground and while climbing, mostly bears roughly triangular, usually lobed leaves. With extra height and better light, leaves become less lobed and, in autumn, umbels of small, yellowish-green flowers produced, followed by globose, black, or sometimes, yellow fruits. Fully to half hardy. Ivies with green leaves are very shade tolerant, whereas variegated or yellow leaved forms prefer more light and could sustain wind or frost damage. All prefer well-drained, alkaline soil.