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6' x 4' (1.8m x 1.2m)
(Bourbon) Medium, double, highly scented flowers of deep crimson, sometimes paler with primrose yellow anthers. Vigorous with lots of foliage.Read More
Peter Beales Roses Ltd
Tolerant of poorer soils
Tolerant of some shade
A varied thorn count
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Like most plants, Roses were first sold in pots to fulfil the demands of the instant gardener, but the traditional method of supply is as bare root plants in the winter months, often by mail order. There is little between them as far as the ultimate plant is concerned, but there are advantages and disadvantages to both.
Containerised roses are available throughout the year (although there are more available during the summer months) and are roses that we have planted into containers during the winter months when the plants are dormant. If purchasing a container rose early in the year it is advisable to wait until late May before planting out into the garden. This is to give the roots system a chance to establish without damaging the young fibrous roots. In summer months containerised roses must be watered daily to ensure good health and maximum blooms. The advantage of buying a rose in a pot is that you can select the plant yourself during a visit to our nursery and gardens, giving you the opportunity to see the rose in flower prior to purchasing. Containerised roses are usually available for delivery within 7-10 days unless otherwise stated.
Throughout the winter months, from November to March, the roses are dormant and can be cut back and safely handled in bare root form. Many established rose gardeners call this the peak time for purchasing and planting roses, as a rose planted in the winter has many months to put down a great root structure to support the blooms and the plant for years to come. Most roses planted during the bare root season will put out a great display of blooms the same year. Bare root roses are obviously live plants so do need fairly immediate treatment upon arrival. This can be difficult in times of heavy frost or snow. It is prudent in these conditions to prepare an area in which to heel in the roses. More advice on heeling in can be found within our planting advice pages and a full set of planting instructions will come with your rose. We would never advise buying a pre-packed rose from a supermarket for you have no idea how long they have been packaged and may well have dried out. Bare root roses are available to order throughout the year and are normally delivered between November 1st and March 31st.
These should always be hard pruned at the time of planting, before they are placed in the hole is the logical time. Even the most rampant of ramblers will benefit from this treatment as it encourages basal growth, from which the plant will make its shape. Climbers, ramblers and shrub roses should be reduced to about six inches, bush roses to about four inches.
A correctly planted rose will need to have the union and first inch or so of branches below soil level. This is to reduce the risk of suckers developing and damage by wind-rock.
For a bare root rose the hole should be wide enough to allow the roots to be spread out and deep enough so that the base of the stems are just covered. We recommend using a good quality compost, like John Innes No 3, especially if planting roses into pots. We would also advise adding a proprietary rose food or bone meal into the base of the hole. A handful is enough and this should be mixed in with the soil there to avoid root scorch. A little powdered food can also be sprinkled onto the removed soil before it is returned.
Alternatively, we would recommend using Peter Beales Roots Boost mychorrhizal fungi. Unlike bone meal, mychorrhizal fungi should be applied directly to the roots to promote better absorption of water and essential nutrients.
Never use woodchips when planting roses!
The bare root rose should now be held with one hand at the right depth with the roots spread out, whilst the first of the soil is returned, either by hand or with a spade. When approximately half the hole is full the rose can be left alone and the soil firmed in by foot. The remainder of the soil can then be returned and firmed in the same way.
Once this is done the surface soil may be tidied and the rose labelled, there is nothing more annoying than not knowing the name of a beautiful rose.
Shrub roses should be planted at the closest 60cm (2ft) apart.
Much of the bare root planting instructions also apply for a rose bought in a container, with the first inch or so of the branches below soil level, and the hole wide enough for the root ball. To reduce the risk of damaging the root system we would not advocate the teasing out of the roots. The plant should be young enough to allow the roots to break through by themselves. If purchased early in the year it is wise to leave the rose in its pot until early June to give the roots time to establish.
A more comprehensive set of planting instructions can be found within the advice section of the website.
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Please Note: Bare root roses are tied in bundles. If you have ordered more than one rose please cut the string holding the roses together and separate carefully before planting.
Bare root roses should not be planted when their roots are dry nor should they be planted during frost. If it is frosty when you receive them, they should not come to any harm left unopened in their package for up to one week. If it remains frosty for longer than this open the package and, after thoroughly moistening the roots, place the roses still in their bundle in a container of damp soil or damp sand. A wooden box, bucket or large polythene bag will usually hold enough soil for this purpose. Plant out the roses when the frost has disappeared. If the roses arrive when it is not convenient for you to plant them, they should be ‘heeled in’ out of doors the moment the weather permits.
Container roses are delivered throughout the year. If you receive your container rose at the start of the year then it is likely to have been recently potted into its container. We would therefore strongly recommend waiting until early June before removing your rose from its pot. This is to allow the young fibrous roots time to establish and knit together with the surrounding soil, which will minimise any chance of damage.
The European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development: Europe investing in rural areas
Plant Centre Development The Rosarium restaurant and new plant house at our Garden Centre in Attleborough, Norfolk were part funded by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and officially opened May 2019